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Dr. Sandra Kurtin, an expert on acute myeloid leukemia (AML), describes the induction and consolidation phases of chemotherapy treatment for this disease. The first phase of treatment is called induction chemotherapy. It is designed to eliminate the blasts, or abnormal cells, that are too numerous in the bone marrow. Induction chemotherapy is usually done in the hospital. Once the blast numbers are reduced, you have additional chemotherapy called “consolidation” to make sure the levels of these cells remain low.