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More information on Crimea’s land conflict between the Russian Federation and Ukraine – Land conflicts are often widely debated and can have disastrous effects on individuals, groups and entire nations. As Kids LearningTube, it’s my mission to teach those of all ages the facts and I do not have a personal opinion nor the authority to speak on behalf of territorial rights no matter how emotionally charged or justified the dispute of parties involved. With this said, below are some facts about Crimea since there’s international debate of whether it rightfully is part of the Russian Federation or Ukraine.
In recent history (“History of Crimea,” 1), Crimea became an oblast first of the Russian SSR (1945-1954) and then the Ukranian SSR (1954 – 1991). Since 1991 the territory was covered within independent Ukraine. During the 2014 Crimean crisis, the peninsula was taken over by pro-Russian forces and a referendum on whether to join Russia was held (“Crimean Status Referendum, 2014” 2), which resulted in Crimea being annexed by the Russian Federation. Since the annexation, there has been much debate about whether this is condemned or supported by the international community. At the 2014 UN General Assembly in 2014, 100 countries voted in favor of the position that Russia’s annexation of Ukrainian territory was illegal under international law, 48 countries abstained from voting, and 10 countries backed the Russian Federation (“From A to Z: These are the 10 countries backing Putin’s annexation of Crimea,” 3).
The Russian Federation opposes the “annexation” label, with Putin defending the referendum as complying with the principle of self-determination of peoples. In July 2015, Russian prime minister Dmitry Medvedev said that Crimea had been fully integrated into Russia (“Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation,” 4)
1. “History of Crimea,” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Crimea
2. “Crimean Status Referendum, 2014,” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimean_status_referendum,_2014
3. “From A to Z: These are the 10 countries backing Putin’s annexation of Crimea,” http://globalnews.ca/news/1237010/from-a-to-z-these-are-the-ten-countries-backing-putins-annexation-of-crimea/
4. “Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation,” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annexation_of_Crimea_by_the_Russian_Federation
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