BBC – History of Indian Mathematics Part-1 of 2

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Marcus du Sautoy looks at the contribution of Ancient Indians like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Bhaskara, Madhava, etc in the field of Mathematics.

Programme: BBC – The Story of Maths
Presenter: Marcus du Sautoy


Dipak Basu says:

Indians have never learned anything from the Chinese, as Chinese number system was totally different from that of the Chinese.

Ajmer Thethy says:

to be honest i don't think you know your view of indian mathematics. we invented all these numerals ourselves. And studied the motion of change. Now known as calculus. Ancient india was far more than europes dark ages. And had more knowledge and mathematics proven.

ozvenkatachalam says:

Human beings learn from each other. The most wise of them enable their people to live in peace and know no poverty and offer limitless opportunities to its citizens. They also contribute to the world at large. That should be the goal of all education. We salute all those who helped us reach this far.

Vijay Chand says:

Indians and Africans are the oldest civilisation on this planet. Europeans were in dark ages most of the inventions were stolen from the Indians and the Africans.

Shamiullah Ahamed says:

I just feel so wonder, how the BBC sent such a totally half baked, utter ignorant journalist to look into the history, and to prepare a useless and stinky documentary.does he really know anything about the history of Indian mathematics? the super funny thing of the last 20 centuries, altogether is…. Indians learn from chinese….ha ha ha…better this guy give up reporting, and go as a shepherd.totally funny guy… no head, no tail…

Seán O'Nilbud says:

Cead mile failte, as they say in Ireland. Which means Lakh Welcomes.


Arsehole…we didn't learn anything from Chinese. Give us our due credit ….fuckin British propagandist media….fuck you…anti Hindu BBC

Dennis Tedder says:

Yeah, everyone is an expert on YouTube. Which of your morons have your CV to fill his slot? Everyone is a fucking expert.

Sanjay Tumati says:

Nice documentary. Well done and thanks to the beeb

Jocjabes says:

Not sure why Marcus says that "some have suggested indians picked up the decimal system from chinese merchants" when powers based on decimal notation (base 10) are discussed as poems in the Vedas all the way upto 10^12.

Westerners and chinese are always looking for outside influences on India when as time goes on we find out its usually the other way around on many, many things.

Awanish Singh says:

GK* even there martial arts not there own that is old indian martial arts which is gone from india

Awanish Singh says:

establishment shot in sleeper class and anchor shot in A/C what the **

Riyasat Ali says:

New film Release now!!

Unscientific Claims from Hindu Scriptures.


Brahmins always have a tendency to claim everything in the name of SCIENCE. But the Scientists, Doctors and Specialists claim otherwise. First of all any man with common sense won’t agree to the claims originated by these BRAHMINS. Here are a few examples of Brahmin-originated unscientific claims (and the true knowledge of “the gods”):

1 – Earth is Flat

NARASINGA PURANA – Page 169 – Abithana Sinthamani – says that the earth is flat. Today it has been proved beyond doubt by the scientists that the earth is round.

2 – Distance Between Earth, Sun & Moon

VISHNU PURANA says that sun is 800,000 miles and moon is 2,200,000 miles away from the earth respectively. Astronomy has now proved that the moon is nearer to the earth, i.e. 240,000 miles and that the sun is 93,000,000 miles away from the earth.

3 – Area of the Earth

MARKANDEYA PURANA says that the earth has an area of 4,000,000,000 square miles. According to astronomy, it is only 190,700,000 square miles.

4 – Vibothi ( Cow Dong Ash)

The Vedas say that the cow is holy and should be worshipped. These Brahmins also claim that cow dung ash has medicinal value. Samples sent to a leading test laboratory in West Germany have proved this to be untrue. Even today ignorant Hindus smear their homes with cow dung.

In India people are dying of hunger. Why are these low caste Hindus prohibited from eating beef? In India cow meat is cheaper than other available meats. Instead of these Brahmins taking care of the low caste peoples of India they are doing their best to save their “holy” cows. According to Valmith’s Ramayana, God Rama “ATE” meat. Why then have these Brahmins given up beef-eating?

5 – Urine Drinking

One erstwhile Prime Minister, Morarji Desai (Brahmin), boasted that he was drinking eight ounces of his own urine daily (pure and fresh!) in the morning in accordance with the Vedas claim that urine has medicinal value. With the same claim today the Brahmins/RSS are drinking cow’s urine as if it is a DAILY TONIC. No scientists have ever claimed that urine has any medicinal value. On the contrary it is well known fact that urine is an unwanted organic substance that the human body needs to discharge. [Editor’s note: This is just plain common sense!!!]

6 – Sun Worship

The Vedas and Puranas say that all Hindus must pray to the sun god SURYA, and that if you look at the sun daily every morning with your naked eyes, your sight will improve. Accordingly many Hindus practise this act of worship; but instead of their eyesight improving, India is the country that has the most blind people in the world (2.5 million blind people and 9 million with corneal blindness).

There is no scientific truth in sun worship, and on the contrary the scientist and doctors advise everyone not to look at the sun directly with the naked eye. Who is telling us the truth, the Scientists or the Hindu scriptures? You be the judge! The credit of India’s blindness also goes to Hinduism.

7 – Ganga River ( aka Ganga Nadi)

Hindus are dumping half-cremated bodies, and the ashes of these corpses, into River Ganges for their salvation as ordered by the Hindu scriptures. In other words, the Holy Ganges water is a human soup! This has made the Ganges water polluted and a breeding ground for numerous diseases.

Question: Is there anything similar to this water in America?

Answer: Yes there is! It is called raw sewage. And common sense tells one that sewage is not to be swam in, drank, nor utilized in sacred activity.

Still these Brahmins claim the River Ganges a sacred river – saying that nothing can contaminate it. Why then is the Government of India spending millions of rupees to clean up the dirty waters of River Ganges?

8 – Threat to Ecology – Hindu Cremation

AP News (India) dated 10-1 1-86 says: When a Hindu is cremated in India, one or more medium-sized trees are also chopped down to accompany him on the funeral pyre. Ecologists warn that forest loss seriously threatens the environment and that we have already lost 32 % of the Indian forest. Daily in India, Hindus are dying and taking with them trees. A staggering 6.43 million kilograms of timber goes up in flames each day. The annual loss is 2.35 million tons. How much pollution does a body create when it is burnt with wood? (Not only that, imagine the foul smell it causes in the atmosphere.)

“The most absurd stories of their gods are readily believed… This hurrying from one means of salvation to another can be accounted for partly by the fear that though an act of merit may have satisfied the claims of one deity, others who have not been pacified may wreck their vengeance upon them.

Interested and unscrupulous priests make capital out of the gross ignorance and credulity of the people…. Shrine after shrine is visited and word after word is done; and yet the fear remains that some deity has been neglected who at any moment may demand his rights, or punish for neglect….. There are so many deities, and are so different in character, that almost any habit can be different in, almost any vice committed, under the impression that it is pleasing to one or another.” (W.J. Wilkins Modern Hinduism)

moonflower says:

TV hands. Always moving. Sign of intelligence, no really every talking head does it now…
Add head twitching shoulder shake and you get a bimbo weather girl.
Ham acting with comical facial expressions is not a good look for the professional.

Chocki Dorji says:

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Rippo “ऋप्पोदमन” 信誉 says:

Hindu People were – misguided, tortured and manipulated , why ? because they were more intelligent neutral beings who just wanted to be who they were  , and rest of the world just envy of this …haters gonna hate , they hate so much that now they are calling Lord krishna an alien , whats next ? more racism ? 
Lord Krishna was a Human Or of Lord Vishnu one of the three Elements of creation called as Brahma(the Universe) , Vishnu(divine) and mahesh (shiva) 
the number 3 is the ultimate answer to human life 
our DNA pattern is 3 
we are the third planet in the solar system 
we have 3 eyes two upfront one in the middle of the head forms a triangle
every thing approximately is divided in three 
even PIE 3.14 is almost 3 ……what eles proof you want that hindu was far more advance civilization since time itself ….  
Really, no surprise here. Indians are the smartest people on earth, if you look at their 12,000 yrs of history, even though they were constantly invaded by Barbarians (British looters, French looters, so called German scholars) from Europe, Arabia and Persia for the past 1000 yrs. 

If it weren't for Indian civilization's discovery/Invention of science and technology until 18th century, so called the west and rest of the world would be roaming in the woods, painted

Indian civilization gave birth to Mathematics (Algebra, Arithmetic, Trigonometry, Geometry, Decimal system, Calculus, Numbers 0 to 9, place value system etc) Astronomy, Metallurgy, Medicine, Plastic surgery, Linguistics, and High Philosophies) and also developed them to an advanced level for misappropriation by European looters and the west since the 18th century. The sad truth is – the looting part still continues. For instance, India's traditional knowledge system like yoga techniques are still being digested by the westerners with out even an acknowledgment of the Indian source  eg Yoga nidra, sold in the west as Lucid dreaming and Transcendental meditation is another technique looted by so called western scientists. Multiple Intelligences is another knowledge area ripped off from Indian Vedic texts by the west. The list goes on and on. Did they ever acknowledge the Indian source? a BIG NO. 

Western scientists not only de-link the Indian source but also start abusing the Indian source by funding Indian socialists/communists who hate anything related to Indian civilization's past, Indian Journalists who work for foreign media, and Pseudo-secularists. Indian space research organization's (ISRO) efforts to build a cryogenic engine was successfully sabotaged by the west in the early 90s. Nambi Narayanan's (ex ISRO) case is a proof of that. Strange nexus is there between Indian communists and the west as far as distortion and discouragement of Indian civilization's glorious past is concerned.

The Fractal mindset of Brilliant Hindu/Indian Mathematicians and Astronomers can never be replicated by  Western scientists , regardless of how hard they try to rip off and come up with all kinds of Brain models and Brain theories. Western Philosophies, religion and thought process, just don't have it in them. So, they come back running to India, every time they run out of ideas. 

Ever wondered why average European minds during so called dark ages for 1500 yrs suddenly started discovering science like calculus and gravity since 18th century (which Indians did thousands of yrs before). Thanks to colonization of INDIA in the 18th century. We have to look at the discontinuation of thought process of Europeans for 1500 yrs here. I mean come on, Germans, couldn't have created a Vortex engine design out of thin air without Indian Vedic texts. The ion engine was first demonstrated by German-born NASA scientist Ernst Stuhlinger.  The Vedic texts from colonized India were taken or stolen to Germany by Hermann Gundert 

According to Stephen Knapp, the Vaimanika Shastra (based on ancient spiritual and scientific book Rig veda with construction and use of flying machines). describes in detail, the construction of what is called, the mercury vortex engine the forerunner of the ion engines being made today by NASA. Knapp adds that additional information on the mercury engines can be found in the ancient Vedic text called Samaranga Sutradhara. This text also devotes 230 verses, to the use of these machines in peace and war. The Indologist William Clarendon, who has written down a detailed description of the mercury vortex engine in his translation of Samaranga Sutradhara quotes thus ‘Inside the circular air frame, place the mercury-engine with its solar mercury boiler at the aircraft center.

Fibonacci (Italian mathematician) was the one who introduced Indian numbers 0 to 9 to the west in 1200 AD and until then, Europe was struggling with Roman numerals. LOL  Indian mathematicians had already solved advanced mathematical problems by 500 AD which baffled rest of the world, with the discovery of Calculus in 486 AD by a Brilliant Hindu/Indian mathematician and astronomer called  Bhaskara II

Socrates, the famous Greek philosopher, was the teacher of Plato. Socrates of course claims to have been enlightened by the teachings of Pythagoras who preceded him by 200 years. It is also historically known and should be remembered that Pythagoras studied in India; he was a vegetarian, virtually unheard of anywhere else, and learned the philosophy and Mathematics of India and taught it in Greece.

So if we are to accept the well-known saying in academia that western philosophy is simply footnotes to Plato, it is then logical to say that the knowledge of India has been leaking into western culture for thousands of years. That this is not understood is a shame because it's both extremely exciting and a huge aspect of our human heritage. The Abrahamic religions, however, especially Islam and Christianity, have been very resistant to this idea because of their own institutional agendas. So knowledge from India that leaked in to other cultures has often remained either hidden or was simply incorporated into western thought without credit to India.

Many people don't know that Egyptian Pyramids were built with the help of Hindu/Indian Maharishis who used Sri Yantra (Hindu cosmic diagram) a complex 3D Geometry which used Golden Ratio. It came from the Fractal mindset of ancient Indian/Hindus.  Egyptians had no clue about it. Swami Vivekananda realized that when he looked at the Pyramids in Egypt. The golden ratio was stolen by an Italian Fibonacci , from the mystic Vaastu geometry of Sri Yantra of Indian Vedic times, along with so called Fibonacci numbers and of course put his name under them. Shame on European looters

Maya, Inca and Aztec civilizations were also founded by ancient Hindus/ Indians. The Mayan calendar , which everybody knows about , is nothing but a Vedic calendar made by Maya Danava. The Mayan calendar began with the Fifth Great Cycle in 3114 BC and ended on 21st December 2012 AD. In Surya Siddhantam, Maya described how eclipses were caused..

Indian civilization was the largest economy and richest civilization between 1AD to 1700 AD with a GDP of 25 to 30% until the time of British invasion in the 18th century, according to Angus MADDISON's 20yrs research on world economy for 2000 yrs. He was funded by OECD countries. His book World economy: a millennial perspective and historical statistics, says it all.

 India was also the largest manufacturer and exporter of Iron and steel and textiles until the British looters DE-INDUSTRIALIZED  Indian civilization and shifted both these technologies to Britain and made them as twin engines of so called Industrial revolution. 

Now history is repeating itself. India is already the third largest economy in the world and set to become the largest economy before 2050 with a GDP of 85 trillion dollars in terms of PPP according to a report by CITI private bank and knight frank report. 


Origin of Music

      Hindu Vedic Music is the basis of world music. German Author, Weber writes in his book on " Indian Literature" 

" The Hindu Scale – Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Nee, has been borrowed by Persians, where we find it in the form of do, re, ma, fa, so, le, ci. It came to the west and was introduced by Guido d' Arezzo in Europe in the form of do, re, mi, fa, sol, lo, ti …. even the gamma of Guido (French Gramma, English Gammut) goes back to the Hindu Sanskrit gramma and Prakrit gamma and is thus a direct testimony of the Indian/Hindu origin of our European scale of seven notes".

Above origin of music is just a random example of how, no matter which aspect of life so called modern scholars pick up for investigation, they are willy nilly led to the Indian, Hindu, Vedic, Sanskrit origin of Human culture.

One may wonder why despite being an advanced, rich civilization and the birthplace of high philosophies and science and technology, Indians did not concentrate on the application side of their science and technology which this modern world is enjoying in the form of superficial comforts like i pads, i pods, computers, internet, google, cars.and were against the exploitation of mother earth for mass production of consumer goods and oil and gas.

The main reason is because of high philosophies of Santhana Dharma or Hinduism and its love for the divine nature of mother earth. An Arab scholar of 11th century beautifully wrote that in his history on science, called Tabaqat-al'umam

"The first nation to have cultivated science is India… India is known for the wisdom of its people. "Whether it was astronomy, mathematics (Calculus, Numbers 0 to 9, Arithmetic, Algebra, Decimals, Place value system, Trigonometry Geometry), medicine or metallurgy or surgery or Therapeutics, each was a pragmatic contribution to the general Hindu ethos, viz., Man in Nature, Man in harmony with Nature, and not Man and Nature or Man Against Nature, that characterizes modern science. The Hindu approach to nature was holistic, often alluding to the terrestrial-celestial correspondence and human-divine relationship. Hindu and scientific and technological developments were an integral part of this attitude"

Sa'id ibn Ahmad al-Andalusi  (1029 to 1070 AD)
Arab Scholar

Youtube Warner says:

1/0 = no slices… Only when u say the lim when it approaches 0 than it will be infinity

Truth Truth says:

Thanks to India for giving the wonderful veda, Sanskrit, ayurveda, yoga, Pranayama and meditation (dhyanam) to the world. It has been an integral part of Indian hindu culture for thousands of years.

The CWater says:

What ! Chinese were no where in Math .Indians were the real pioneers

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